Testing Information

Testing is vital for us to understand the spread of COVID-19 in our area. Our community has worked hard to expand access, and we are confident in our ability to test people who need tests.

If you are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19, you should contact your healthcare provider via virtual care or phone.

Although the Health Department is not a testing site, anyone who has issues accessing testing can call our coronavirus call center at (417) 874-1211 or email coronavirus@springfieldmo.gov

Types of tests

There are two different types of COVID-19 tests: diagnostic tests and antibody tests

Diagnostic Tests

A diagnostic test answers the question "Do I have COVID-19?"

The official name is a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test. PCR is a genetic test for the presence of viral ribonucleic acid (RNA) from a nasopharyngeal (nose) or oropharyngeal (throat) swab. If a person tests positive, this means they are currently infected with COVID-19.

If a person in self-quarantine tests negative for COVID-19 or feels healthy, they should remain in quarantine since symptoms may appear up to 14 days after exposure to the virus.

Antibody Tests

An antibody test answers the question "Did I have COVID-19 (or another coronavirus) in the past?"

Antibody testing for COVID-19 (also known as serology testing) is a blood test. It looks for antibodies that form as part of the body’s immune response to the virus. If a person has a positive antibody test, it means they have been exposed at some point in the past to SARS-CoV-2, which is the virus that causes COVID-19. It could also be positive if a person has been exposed to a different type of coronavirus.

Many different companies offer antibody tests, the majority of which have not been FDA-approved. Current available tests have been authorized under Emergency Use Authorization and the tests vary widely in their performance. 

For more information on serology testing, visit: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/lab/serology-testing.html 

To access testing:

Testing is also available through some CVS Minute Clinic locations. Click here to complete an online screening and schedule an appointment.

Waiting for your test results?

It can take a few days to receive your results. If you have questions regarding your test results, please contact your healthcare provider.

SGCHD in-house testing fact sheets