Quarantine and Isolation

Quarantine and isolation help prevent the spread of contagious diseases, such as COVID-19. Quarantine and isolation are used to keep people who are sick or who have been exposed to COVID-19 separate from people who have not been exposed.

1

What is the difference between quarantine and isolation?

Quarantine is for people who are not currently sick but were likely exposed to COVID-19 from a COVID-19 positive individual. People in quarantine may or may not be infectious. Per CDC recommendations, the exposed individual need to self-quarantine for 14 days from the last date of close contact with a positive case. The individual should *stay home, stay away from others and monitor for symptoms.

Isolation is for people who have tested positive for COVID-19. People who are in isolation should separate themselves from others living with them by staying in a specific “sick room” or area and using a separate bathroom if possible. They are required to *stay home and away from others until they meet release guidelines.

*Stay home except to seek medical care. Do not go to work, school or public areas.

Who is considered a close contact?

A close contact is defined as someone who comes within six feet of a COVID-19 positive individual for at least 15 cumulative minutes. Close contacts could be family members, friends and coworkers who you interact with throughout the day. A close contact also includes someone who has physically come in contact with someone, regardless of the amount of time.

Close contacts do not include infectious people who may walk past you at a place like the grocery store or gas station.

Quarantine

To meet the unprecedented demand for contact tracing, the Health Department has partnered with Virginia-based company Maximus Federal Services, Inc., to monitor individuals who have had close contact with a COVID-19 individual. This means you may not receive a call directly from a Health Department employee, but rather someone from Maximus, if you have been identified as a close contact.

If you had close contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 and have not yet been contacted by Maximus, you should begin self-quarantine by staying at home and away from others even if you don’t feel sick.

You will NEVER be asked for:

  • Your social security number (SSN)
  • Financial information, including credit card and checking account information
  • Personal information not related to your symptoms for the exception of your name, address, date of birth, phone number and email address

When would I be asked to quarantine?

•    You come within six feet for at least 15 cumulative minutes of someone who has COVID-19

•    You provided care at home to someone who is sick with COVID-19

•    You had direct physical contact with a COVID-19 positive person (touched, hugged, or kissed them)

•    They shared eating or drinking utensils with a COVID-19 positive person

What should I do if I am instructed to quarantine?

•    Stay home for 14 days after your last contact with a person who has COVID-19

•    Watch for fever (100.4◦F), cough, shortness of breath, or other symptoms of COVID-19 and immediately report any symptoms to the health department

•    Stay home and away others

When will I be released from quarantine? 

•    14 days from your last known contact with a positive COVID-19 individual

AND

•    You neither develop symptoms nor test positive for COVID-19

Even if you test negative for COVID-19 or feel healthy, you should remain in quarantine since symptoms may appear up to 14 days after exposure. Masking is not a replacement for physical distancing. If you've been within six feet of someone for at least 15 minutes, you need to quarantine.

Isolation 

When would I be instructed to isolate?

•    You have symptoms and test positive for COVID-19

•    You have no symptoms but test positive for COVID-19

What should I do if I am instructed to isolate?

•    Monitor your symptoms. If you have an emergency warning sign (including trouble breathing), seek emergency medical care immediately

•    Stay in a separate room from other household members, if possible

•    Use a separate bathroom, if possible

•    Avoid contact with other members of the household and pets

•    Don’t share personal household items, like cups, towels, and utensils

•    Wear a cloth face covering when around other people, if able

When will I be released from isolation if I developed symptoms

•    No fever for at least 24 hours without the use of fever-reducing medications

•    Improvement in symptoms 

AND

•    At least 10 days have passed since symptoms first appeared

When will I be released from isolation if I did not develop symptoms?

  • 10 days after the date you were first tested

Why am I being instructed to quarantine if I was released from isolation?

Even if an individual who tested positive for COVID-19 is released from isolation, they will be instructed to self-quarantine for 14 days anytime they come into close contact with a COVID-19 positive individual for at least 15 cumulative minutes. A close contact also includes someone who has physically come in contact with someone, regardless of the amount of time. More information is needed to know whether immune protection will be observed for patients with COVID-19.